Hydroponic gardening is gardening with out the use of soil for the root system.
This doesn’t mean that they sit in some kind of liquid solution, although some hydroponics systems are like this, but these are complicated and require more work that the regular lay person has time or the knowledge to do.
- This type of hydroponic system is known and the nutrient film technique, or N.F.T.
The wick system is one of the simplest types of hydroponics, and is easy and widely used by beginners.
There is a growing try, with mediums like Pro-Mix, Coconut Fiber, and Perlite. The nutrients for the plant are in a reservoir underneath, and these nutrients are drawn into to planting medium through a wick that dangles down from the bottom of the growing tray into the reservoir.
- This system has no moving parts, but the disadvantages are that if you are growing larger plants this way, the wick may not be able to supply nutrients to plant fast enough.
2 Types Of Hydroponics Garden Growing Systems
By using home hydroponic garden grow systems, you can grow plants just about anywhere, in the desert, in caves, even on the space station. All you need is controlled temperature, a light source, air, and nutrients. Soil is not needed. Hydroponics is also known as soilless gardening and has actually been around since ancient times. Today, elaborate hydroponics growing systems have been developed for commercial uses and simple systems can be set up at home by anyone.
Some hydroponics gardening growing systems and machines use the water culture method. This is one of the easiest systems to set up. With this, the plant is suspended with its roots immersed in a nutrient solution. This method requires a large amount of water which must be kept aerated and positioned far enough away from a light source that algae doesn’t begin to grow. For the home hydroponics gardener, the system can be created using special kits or from supplies around the home. For example, the nutrient solution could be housed in containers made from sealed wood, plastic, or concrete. Just be careful to use a container that does not add contaminants to the nutrient solution.
A typical nutrient tank should be about three feet wide by 12 inches deep. The length can be whatever is convenient. The plants can be suspended above the tank by inserting them into plywood or Styrofoam that has had holes drilled through. To aerate the solution you can use a small aquarium pump. The pump should be forceful enough to continuously aerate the solution but not so vigorous that it damages tender plant roots. One of the most popular hydro grower machines is the famous AeroGrow AeroGardens.
The nutrient solution itself is made from a combination of magnesium, chlorine, nickel, zinc, copper, iron, potassium phosphate, calcium nitrate, and potassium nitrate. Different plants require different combinations so it is best to get a pre-made solution or a recipe from an experienced grower.
Hydroponics Gardening Grow Mediums Methods of Growing
Other hydroponics growing systems use the medium culture method. Rather than a water based liquid solution, these systems use gravel or sand. This is a more popular method because of the support that medium gives to fragile roots. With this set up, the medium is periodically flooded with liquid nutrients and then allowed to drain which provides the aeration. The water and nutrients that cling to the medium nourish the roots and allow the plant to grow.
Commercial Hydroponic Garden Grower Supplies & Equipment
While there are some commercial hydroponics growing systems, they are more expensive for farmers than traditional soil planting so hydroponics has been slow to take off for large scale growers. However, this soilless method of gardening is growing in popularity among hobby gardeners as it provides a great way to grow a garden in any location, even if you don’t have any ground space for planting.
Who Invented Hydroponics Gardening?
Plants need essential nutrients to grow, something that we’ve known for a long time. Experiments from ancient Greece regarding the required nutrients for plants, and floating gardens in Babylon and Mexico show us that. However, these nutrients weren’t looked at seriously for a long time. Leonardo da Vinci pointed out some factors in the fifteenth century, and Sir Francis Bacon published on the subject in 1627, noting that plants grew best in impure water.
At around the same time, Jan van Helmont was experimenting with growing plants in water in Belgium, and in 1666, Robert Boyle documented growing plants in water filled vials in Ireland. By 1699, experiments to determine how plants obtain food were underway. Technological advances allowed Nicolas de Saussure to determine some of the chemical composition of plants, and by 1842, a nine element list of nutrients for plants had been compiled.
Around 1850, Jean Boussingault experimented with growing plants in quartz, sand, charcoal and other nonsoil media. Sachs and Knop were the first to grow plants in a culture containing water and a solution of nutrients. They called this practice nutriculture, but it was largely ignored until the 1920s, when William Gericke began experimenting with what we now called hydroponics. He grew twenty-five foot tall tomato vines in a nutrient solution in his garden and made huge claims for the viability of hydroponics in commercial agriculture. However, he would not share his secrets, and eventually left the University of California to publish a book on the subject.
Some of his former colleagues at the university were asked to look into Gericke’s research, and discovered that some of the most excessive claims weren’t really true. The available nutrients limited the amount of growth possible. However, hydroponics do remove a number of problems with growing in soil, such as water and oxygen access. These researchers developed nutrient solutions for plants that are still used in a modified form. Through the 1930s, hydroponics spread, and commercial growers and universities operated several systems.
The technique was used at a Pan Am refueling station in the Pacific, where vegetables were grown in soilless conditions for the enjoyment of the passengers. Government sponsored experiments started up in 1939, with the advent of World War II. Hydroponic units at military bases provided food for troops on islands with no arable land. Commercial use of these systems spread across the world during the 1950s, and the US space program made use of the systems in the hopes that a society could some day be established on another planet or on the Moon.
Plastics were a big help in hydroponic growing techniques, offering better and easier methods for plant production. About thirty percent of greenhouse crops were grown using hydroponic methods by the mid 1970s, and the technique spread to hobbyists and home growers. Technological advances have helped production increase even more, with plants growing faster and more efficiently and systems becoming much easier to make and use. This is one reason why more people are taking up growing their gardens in water.
Easy & fun hydroponics gardening tips
Easily grow and build a diy hydroponics garden machine at home!
Growing vegetables in your yard is rewarding but there are many aspects about it you would probably rather do without, such as pests, weeds and disease. You can eliminate these things by changing your gardening methods. Hydroponic gardening equipment lets you enjoy gardening without the hassle of dealing with plant destroying insects, diseases and no more weeding.
Hydroponics is growing plants without soil. That doesn’t mean the roots are bare, though. There is a growing medium used to support the plant and its roots and keep moisture around the root system but it does not provide nutrients. Nutrients are provided in the water that has the appropriate nutrients added for the plants it is being given to.
- Because the plants don’t have to deal with pests, disease and competition from weeds or even other plants of its own kind, they grow stronger and healthier, producing more vegetable and blossoms than plants grown in soil. This allows you, the hydroponic gardener, to grow more in less space and with less effort.
You can set up a hydroponic garden anywhere there is adequate light. If you choose, you can even do your hydroponic gardening indoors with the right HID lighting system or any Aeroponics Grow Systems. Imagine growing plenty of vegetables and flowers in tiered hanging hydroponic systems on your patio, in your garage or in a spare room.
Though you can buy kits, building your own DIY hydroponic garden is easy and doesn’t have to cost much. You can often use materials you already have. For the growth medium, you can use vermiculite, gravel, Perlite, or even old tires shredded up. This is a great way to recycle those old tires you don’t know what to do with.
Hydroponic gardening is easy, fun and produces more, better tasting vegetables than traditional soil gardening. What better way to live a greener lifestyle!
Hydroponics gardening machines are the only way to grow fresh vegetables!
With the way the economy is, more and more people are turning to growing their own gardens again. Nothing beats fresh vegetables and herbs from your own garden not to mention the money you save. The down fall is waiting so long for the garden to get to the point where you can eat the fruits of your labor. This is where the wonder of Hydroponics Gardening Systems will come in handy.
There are many benefits to gardening this way and this makes the ideal way to garden year round, even through the cold winter months when home gardening can be nearly impossible.
- This is a much healthier method of growing your garden as it uses no soil so there are no weeds to battle and the water is rich in nutrients so the plants are much healthier.
- This method is used both commercially and at home and takes up much less space then a regular soil garden would.
- People who use this method love the fact that their plant are much heartier, healthier and mature quicker then any other method of growing a garden.
There are three main things to consider when making your own hydroponic water garden indoors.
- Air Circulation
Now you may wonder how growing plants indoors can produce such great plants without the use of sunlight. Hydroponic plants are grown with artificial light known as grow lights which work quite well to stimulate plant growth.
The second factor to consider is air circulation.
This is very important as you do not want your plants to get any fungal diseases and by properly circulating the air in your garden, you allow your plants to pull the carbon dioxide they need for healthy growth.
The most important thing in your new soilless garden is the nutrients that you need to add into the water for your plants to flourish.
- You cannot use regular fertilizers because they just do not have what your plants need that they would normally pull from soil.
Once you have these main factors down, your indoor water hydroponics garden will flourish, giving you hearty veggies to enjoy year round.
- You will save money and give your self a much healthier selection of produce that you grew on your own.
- You can start small with your garden and have it right in your home or you can make your own Hydroponics Greenhouse. Your options are endless and you can make the garden based on your budget so that you can have the veggies you want, when you want.
- You want to have your water fertilized and diluted to give you a ph reading between 5 and 6.
- You also need to be sure to change out the solution of nutrients about every two weeks. During the two week period where no nutrients are added, you simply add water to keep the level where it needs to be
- Do not let your water level get too low as you can actually burn the roots of your plants because the solution of nutrients will become too rich.
When people think of gardening they automatically associate it with outdoor gardening or greenhouse gardening using regular soil.
However, there are many ways in which a person can grow beautifully healthy plants. In more recent times hydroponics has witnessed a huge surge in popularity, and the latest arrival in this type of gardening is aeroponics. One of the best things about aeroponics is that you don’t require much space, and of course there’s no need for any soil. With that said, you will require some special equipment.
Unlike with regular gardening where plants obtain nutrients from the soil, plants grown in aeroponics systems get their nutrients from being in a heavily misted environment. Of course the mist is not simply regular drinking water, but instead, it’s a special solution rich in nutrients. The roots of the plants remain exposed to this nutrient-rich mist, and it’s by this method that the plants are able to receive all the nutrients they require.
Interestingly enough, aeroponics is largely considered to be a form of hydroponics, even though the roots of the plants are never submersed in any type of solution. For an aeroponics system to be effective, one requires a suitable environment in which a nutrient-rich mist can be circulated. For this reason, practically all such systems are either partially closed or totally closed.
Choosing the right hydroponics system is extremely important! Because aeroponics systems need to be designed in this way, they have the added benefit that gardeners will very rarely encounter problems with regular garden pests.
For the most part, aeroponics systems can be purchased from any store that sells hydroponics systems, but one needs to realize that even though the two systems are similar in many ways, there are however a few distinct differences.
As a result, it’s not possible for you to use hydroponics equipment for aeroponics gardening.
A typical aeroponics system
1. Grow Chamber – All aeroponics systems will include a growing chamber, and as has been mentioned above, the chamber can either be partially closed or totally closed in order to provide a controlled environment.
2. Pump – Most “ready-to-go” systems will include the necessary pump which is used to maintain the desired amount of humidity within the growing chamber.
3. Timing Device – While not all systems come with an automatic timing device, most people who start an aeroponics system will incorporate one into the system, simply because it minimizes human involvement, bearing in mind that plants grown in these systems require regular misting.
4. Nutrients – Practically all aeroponics systems will come complete with all the nutrients you require in orders to get started. However, most people soon begin expanding their system, and in that case you would need to purchase additional nutrients.
5. Lighting – Some of the systems one can purchase will also include any lighting which may be necessary, but this will depend entirely on what type of system you intend to setup.
Many hobbyists are more than happy to have a relatively small system in which to grow a few of their favorite plants, but there are also many people who have realized that aeroponics provides them with an ideal opportunity to grow fresh produce all year round in an environment over which they have full control.
- In other words, when you grow your own fruit and vegetables in an aeroponics system you’ll never need to worry about residue from harmful pesticides, and you’ll also have peace of mind in knowing that there have been no chemical fertilizers used.
- This is perhaps the biggest reason why aeroponics has become so immensely popular with people interested in the eating only organically grown foods.
Learn how to buy the best hydroponics systems
Before buying anything – know how to choose the right hydroponic system!
You need to consider many things before choosing which of the hydroponic systems is best for you. One thing you need to know is how big of a setup you want to have. The more plants you want the more automated you may want the care of the plants. This could dictate which system is best for you to use. Also do you want it easy to setup or are you more than happy to spend some time setting your hydroponic system up.
You also need to figure out how much money you can afford to spend on a system. The more automation the system requires the more expensive it can become. Also you have the cost of your plants and the nutrients needed to grow them. Don’t forget the cost of providing the plants with the necessary lighting too.
Once you have analyzed your plans then look at which system will work best for you. Along with the mechanics of the system think about which one you would feel comfortable operating. You want to be able to enjoy this whole experience.
If you want the easiest system to setup then turn to the wick hydroponic system. This is also the least expensive system too. Many beginners like to set this system up for these reasons. This system just works be drawing in the nutrients to the medium for growing through a wick from the reservoir. It has no complicated moving parts to worry about. This system works best though only on small plants that require a minimum of moisture and nutrients, the wicks do not supply these things that quickly to the plants.
CHOOSING WHICH EBB & FLOW HYDROPONICS GROWING SYSTEM TO BUY
The system called ebb and flow is more complicated and advanced compare to the wick system. The system operates by placing a pump in the reservoir so that it can flood the growing tray on a regular basis with the right nutrient mixture. The mixture then drains back to the reservoir that it came from.
There is also the drip irrigation that works by dripping the nutrients onto the plants. This can be either recovery or non-recovery method.
You could also choose from the nutrient film method that the plants are basically suspended to where the roots can touch the nutrient mixture. Just make sure the pump keeps working with this method.
If you want the latest and most high tech way of doing the hydroponic gardening, then you may want to look at the aeroponic hydroponic system. Similar to the nutrient film system, you do not use a growing medium. You suspend the plants with their roots up in the air, then the moisture and nutrients are given through misting. The timer makes sure that the pump makes the spray happen at the right intervals for the plants. It is crucial to keep the pump working with this system as with the nutrient film system, due to the fact, that even a short interruption in the spray will make the roots dry out.
Now that you have more information on these hydroponic systems, you can now make the right decision on which system is right for you. You want to be sure that you can enjoy your hydroponic gardening experience.